UK public finances

All amounts are in £bn

Bank of England’s asset purchase facility

Usage as of end 30/12/2020: 81%

Source: datasets YWWB9Y8 and YWWB9T9 (YWW data series)

Cashflow & debt

MonthMoney INMoney IN as % of Money OUTMoney OUTBalanceDebt
2020/052435%68(44)1,938
2020/063354%61(28)1,974
2020/075172%71(20)1,995
2020/084265%65(23)2,024
2020/094563%72(27)2,056
2020/105070%72(22)2,075
2020/114559%77(32)2,100

Data sources

Money INOffice for National Statistics series MIZX
HMRC tax receipts and National Insurance contributions for the UK
Money OUTCalculated by adding ‘Money IN’ + ‘Balance’
BalanceOffice for National Statistics series DZLS
DebtOffice for National Statistics series HF6W

Budget 2020-21

Income 2020-21

DescriptionAmount £bn
Total: 873
% of total receipts
Income tax20824%
VAT16118%
National insurance contributions15017%
Other taxes9110%
Other non-taxes8710%
Corporation tax587%
Excise duties485%
Council tax384%
Business rates324%

Outgoings 2020-21

DescriptionAmount £bn
Total: 928
% of total spending
Social protection28531%
Health17819%
Education11613%
Other (including EU transactions)586%
Debt interest566%
Defence556%
Transport445%
Public order and safety384%
Personal social services364%
Housing and environment323%
Industry, agriculture and employment303%

Data sources

The numbers for the above 2x tables were obtained from HM Treasury’s Budget 2020. The data used in the 2x tables above can be downloaded here.


Last updated: 30/12/2020